Diagnosis of sarcopenia
The European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People(EWGSOP) has proposed an operational definition and diagnostic strategy for sarcopenia, which recommends measurements of muscle mass, muscle strength, and physical performance.
In the Journal of Sarcopenia in Asia, the Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia (AWGS) recommends measuring both muscle strength (handgrip strength) and physical performance (usual gait speed) as a preliminary screening test. The AWGS also recommends a dynamic approach for sarcopenia research by measuring changes in:
- (1) Muscle mass, strength, and function
- (2) Physical performance
- (3) Frailty status
- (4) Instrumental activities of daily living, and
- (5) Basic activities of daily living over a given period of time.
The International Working Group on Sarcopenia (IWGS) specifies certain conditions for sarcopenia assessment, including:
- (1) Notable decline in function, strength, health status
- (2) Self-reported mobility-related difficulty
- (3) History of recurrent falls
- (4) Recent unintentional weight loss (>5%)
- (5) Post-hospitalization, and
- (6) Other chronic conditions.
All in all, sarcopenia should be diagnosed through a combination of assessment tools. Charder aims to offers the most reliable and validated methods to help your professional practice.